For 2020, year of the 11th anniversary of the inscription of Maloya in the Intangible Cultural Heritage of UNESCO, the 9th edition of “Maloya Village” gives pride of place to an action program offered to high school students and students of primary schools. As part of this initiative carried out under Heritage Education, cultural events, artistic and educational will be organized in establishments in the four micro-regions of the island from Monday 28 September to Tuesday 06 October 2020.
The classification of Maloya as a UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage on October 1 2009 inaugurated, for the first time, worldwide recognition of a heritage of Reunionese culture.
Reunion region, in partnership with the different communities of players on the island, each year celebrates the inscription of Maloya in the Intangible Cultural Heritage of UNESCO.
In 2020, the Réunion Region is organizing the 9th edition “Village Ma-loya”. Of 28 September to 6 October, an intervention program, in schools and high schools, will allow the development of an essential educational component for the transmission of our culture.
The 3 October, at the Stella Matutina Museum, the “Maloya Village” will be open to the general public with access to workshops, exhibitions and concerts.
Joined October 1 2009 on the representative list of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of UNESCO. Maloya designates both music, a song, and a dance specific to Reunion. Inherited from slaves from East Africa or Madagascar, it was originally reserved for animist ceremonies invoking the spirit of ancestors.
In the hands of slaves and then hired workers, mainly of Indian origin, Maloya becomes a means of expressing their resistance and feelings. From suffering to hate, from hope to joy, the Maloya conveyed their complaints.
This music, which has creolized over time to become a factor of Reunionese identity, has long been marginalized and even sometimes banned by the authorities who considered it subversive.
Vector of political demands over the years 50-80, Maloya has now become the major expression, culturally and musically, of the Reunionese identity. More than 300 musical groups practice it.
Maloya has long been performed by family groups who passed it on. Sa forme traditionnelle est celle d’un dialogue entre un soliste et un chœur accompagné par trois instruments : the ride, the bob and the kayamb.
Maloya is now sung and danced on stage by professional or semi-professional groups, and the form of the texts is much more varied. Many CDs are produced each year and tours are organized nationally and internationally.. De nombreuses formes métissées existent désormais : maloya-rock, maloya-reggae (malogue), maloyafusion, maloya-jazz…
Maloya unites the people of Réunion around a common history, that of their origins, closely linked to slavery, to engagement and interbreeding. Monument musical, through the history he embodies the struggle against oppression, maintaining humanist values such as freedom, sharing and tolerance.
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Photo Pierre Marchal